Kontena is built using the following components:

Docker Engine

The Linux container engine

Docker Engine creates and runs containers.


An overlay network for Docker

Weave is used as a default overlay network for Nodes. Weave provides a common network fabric that works everywhere in the same way. Weave has some really nice features that are hard to implement, such as transparent network encryption.


A highly-available key-value store for shared configuration and service discovery.

Each Kontena Grid has a dedicated etcd cluster. The etcd cluster is created automatically when the Nodes are provisioned for Kontena Grid. It is used by Kontena Platform Master and Kontena Agents for shared configuration and service discovery. The built-in etcd cluster may be also used as distributed key-value store by any of the Kontena Services running in the Kontena Grid.


Ruby is a dynamic, open source programming language with a focus on simplicity and productivity.

Ruby is our weapon of choice when it comes to server-side coding. Both Kontena Platform Master and Kontena Agent daemons are written using Ruby. Ruby is really flexible and provides a large number of libraries to streamline programming.

The rubygems that we rely on include:

  • roda
  • puma
  • mongoid
  • mutations
  • docker-api
  • etcd
  • celluloid
  • rspec


MongoDB is an open-source document database designed for ease of development and scaling.

Kontena uses MongoDB to provide persistent storage for the Master daemon. We chose to use MongoDB because of its flexibility, tooling and relatively simple scaling.


cAdvisor (Container Advisor) is a container monitoring tool.

cAdvisor provides container users with an understanding of the resource usage and performance characteristics of their running containers.

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